2000 年 10 巻 4 号 p. 275-282
In the recent decade, many computational studies as well as physicochemical experiments such as neutron diffraction and NMR spectroscopic measurements have actively been done in order to clarify the structure and dynamics of supercritical water and its solutions. In particular, studies on hydrogen bonding in supercritical water have been attracting much interest from physical chemists. Long-ranged structure and the relevant collective motion have also been investigated in detail. For supercritical solutions, thermodynamic properties such as solubility and the microscopic structure of ion hydration have been studied. Here, recent progress in computational studies on the structure and dynamics of the fluids is reviewed.