Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology
Online ISSN : 1880-9952
Print ISSN : 1346-4280
ISSN-L : 1346-4280
Case Study
Portal Vein Thrombosis during Eltrombopag Treatment for Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura in a Patient with Liver Cirrhosis due to Hepatitis C Viral Infection
Noriaki KawanoSatoru HasuikeHisayoshi IwakiriKenichi NakamuraYoshinori OzonoHisanori KusumotoKenji NagataIkuko KikuchiShuro YoshidaTakuro KuriyamaKiyoshi YamashitaTakahiro MuranakaTakumi KawaguchiMichio SataTakashi OkamuraAkira UedaKazuya Shimoda
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2013 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages 151-155

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Abstract

Portal vein thrombosis is a rare, aggressive andlife-threatening complication of liver cirrhosis (LC). Eltrombopag is effective for the treatment of chronic hepatitis with thrombocytopenia, andportal vein thrombosis at this time has rarely been reported. We describe the case of a 78-year-old woman who suffered from LC due to hepatitis C viral infection. The patient developed immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) that was diagnosed on the basis of nasal bleeding, progressive severe thrombocytopenia, elevation of platelet-associatedIgG (PAIgG), no response to the transfusion of platelets andno abnormal findings on bone marrow biopsy. Although we first administered prednisolone (0.5 mg/kg/day), there was no recovery of platelet function and the nasal bleeding persisted. Subsequently, we administered eltrombopag for refractory ITP at a dose of 12.5 mg/day, and the thrombocytopenia gradually improved. Fifty-four days after the start of eltrombopag therapy, she developedportal vein thrombosis. Eltrombopag was stoppedimmed iately, andantithrombin III was administeredfor prophylaxis against further portal vein thrombosis. Despite these treatments, there were subsequent deep vein and pulmonary artery thromboses. We then administered heparin for recanalization of the thrombi. One month after the initiation of heparin, there was recanalization as well as improvements of the portal vein, deep vein and pulmonary artery thromboses. There was no further thrombosis progression after switching from heparin to warfarin therapy. Our case suggests that eltrombopag may increase the risk of portal vein thrombosis ; therefore, this drug must be used carefully in the treatment of ITP in patients with LC due to hepatitis C viral infection. [J Clin Exp Hematop 53(2) : 151-155, 2013]

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© 2013 by The Japanese Society for Lymphoreticular Tissue Research
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