2014 Volume 54 Issue 3 Pages 237-241
A middle-aged woman who had undergone autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) 1 month previously suffered severe epigastralgia and relapse of lymphoma. The epigastralgia was not relieved by chemotherapy. Thereafter, her pancreatic and hepatic enzyme levels were markedly elevated and disseminated varicella emerged. Despite acyclovir administration, her general condition deteriorated rapidly and she died. Serum varicella zoster virus (VZV) DNA level was shown to be elevated and a diagnosis of disseminated VZV infection was established postmortem. In patients with severe abdominal pain following HSCT, early suspicion and therapeutic intervention for VZV are important, even in the absence of skin lesions.