Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology
Online ISSN : 1880-9952
Print ISSN : 1346-4280
ISSN-L : 1346-4280
Case reports
An autopsy case of acute myocarditis with unique lymph node findings characterized by the proliferation of reactive plasmablasts
Haruo OhtaniYoshihiro NozakiTakashi MurakamiLisheng LinJunko ShionoMasaaki Miyazawa
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Supplementary material

2020 Volume 60 Issue 3 Pages 108-112


We report an autopsy case of acute myocarditis, in which the mediastinal lymph nodes exhibited unique findings. A 15-year-old Japanese boy was diagnosed with the secondary onset of acute myocarditis. No viruses were identified. Autopsy confirmed acute lymphocytic myocarditis. Lymphadenopathy was observed, especially in pulmonary hilar/mediastinal areas. Microscopically, interfollicular areas were uniformly filled with medium-sized, round cells that resembled lymphocytes. They were immunohistochemically CD3- CD5- CD19+ CD20- CD79a- Pax-5- CD138+ MUM1+ LMP1- EBNA2- cytoplasmic IgG+ IgA- and IgM-. No monotypia was observed for kappa and lambda light chains, and multiplex polymerase chain reaction analyses of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region diversity demonstrated oligoclonal peaks, suggesting reactive change. IgG+ or VS38c+ cells frequently co-expressed Ki-67 (up to 80%). We considered these cells abundantly present in lymph nodes to be reactive plasmablasts because they were early plasma cells with proliferative activity.

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© 2020 by The Japanese Society for Lymphoreticular Tissue Research

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