Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology
Online ISSN : 1880-9952
Print ISSN : 1346-4280
ISSN-L : 1346-4280
Review Article
Diagnostic utility of programmed cell death ligand 1 (clone SP142) immunohistochemistry for malignant lymphoma and lymphoproliferative disorders: A brief review
Ayako Sakakibara Kei KohnoEri IshikawaYuka SuzukiYuta TsuyukiSatoko ShimadaKazuyuki ShimadaAkira SatouTaishi TakaharaAkiko OhashiEmiko TakahashiSeiichi KatoShigeo NakamuraNaoko Asano
ジャーナル オープンアクセス

2021 年 61 巻 4 号 p. 182-191


The programmed cell death 1 (PD1)/PD1 ligand (PD-L1) axis plays an important role in tumor cell escape from immune control and has been most extensively investigated for therapeutic purposes. However, PD-L1 immunohistochemistry is still not used widely for diagnosis. We review the diagnostic utility of PD-L1 (by clone SP142) immunohistochemistry in large-cell lymphomas, mainly consisting of classic Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Neoplastic PD-L1 (nPD-L1) expression on Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells is well-established among prototypic CHL. Of note, EBV+ CHL often poses a challenge for differential diagnosis from peripheral T-cell lymphoma with EBV+ non-malignant large B-cells; their distinction is based on the lack of PD-L1 expression on large B-cells in the latter. The nPD-L1 expression further provides a good diagnostic consensus for CHL with primary extranodal disease conceivably characterized by a combined pathogenesis of immune escape of tumor cells and immunodeficiency. Compared with CHL, the nPD-L1 expression rate is much lower in DLBCL, highlighting some specific subgroups of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma, primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, and EBV+ DLBCL. They consist of nPD-L1-positive and -negative subgroups, but their clinicopathological significance remains to be elucidated. Microenvironmental PD-L1 positivity on immune cells may be associated with a favorable prognosis in extranodal DLBCL. PD-L1 (by SP142) immunohistochemistry has helped us to understand the immune biology of lymphoid neoplasms possibly related by immune escape and/or immunodeficiency. However, knowledge of these issues remains limited and should be clarified for diagnostic consensus in the future.

© 2021 by The Japanese Society for Lymphoreticular Tissue Research

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