2017 Volume 38 Issue 2 Pages 158-166
Recently, periodontitis has been received considerably much attention for its association with systemic diseases. This could be attributed to low grade chronic local infection of periodontal tissue following transient bacteremia. Bacteremia could also occur after dental procedures including periodontal treatment, therefore, to prevent and minimize the occurrence of bacteremia, prophylactic administrations of the antibiotics have been tried, but it could not prevent it perfectly. And repeated usage of antibiotic could also cause side effects such as bacterial resistance and microbial substitution. Er:YAG laser could serve for periodontal treatment in both soft and hard tissues for its specific high water absorption capacity. In the present paper, the application of Er:YAG laser for periodontal treatment and its possibility for novel prophylactic method against transient bacteremia are discussed.