2005 Volume 48 Issue 4 Pages 251-255
Loosening of the wheel nuts, which fix the disk wheels of automobiles to the wheel hub, may be the cause of accidents where the wheel falls off while the automobile is running. When the transverse force of wheel bolts exceeds a certain proportion of the bolt shaft force, the wheel nut begins to loosen. Further, the force on the bolt shaft may also be influenced by the loads acting to the wheel through the moment caused by the offset of the wheel. This study determined the 3-dimensional deformation of the disk wheels and the transverse forces on the wheel bolt by 3-dimensional numerical analysis. The results established that the transverse force was influenced by the bolt shaft force caused by the bolt fastening and was superposed on that due to the load, and that it fluctuated greatly during the revolution of the wheel. This phenomenon may be a large factor in the loosening of wheel nuts.