Journal of Smooth Muscle Research
Original
Epithelium-dependent and -independent inhibitory effects of sivelestat, a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, on substance P-induced contraction of airway smooth muscle in lipopolysaccharide-treated guinea-pigs
Naomi TakayamaKohsuke Uchida
Author information
JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

Volume 41 (2005) Issue 5 Pages 257-270

Details
Download PDF (153K) Contact us
Abstract

The underlying mechanism involved in the interaction between neutrophil elastase inhibitors and tachykinins has not been elucidated. In this study we have examined the effects of sivelestat, a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, on the in vitro responses of airways from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-untreated or -treated guinea-pigs to substance P. Substance P (0.01-30 μmol/l) produced concentration-dependent contractions of both tracheal and bronchial ring preparations of LPS-untreated or -treated guinea-pigs. Responsiveness to substance P in these isolated airway preparations was augmented by either epithelium removal or LPS treatment. In epithelium-intact tracheal ring preparations isolated from LPS-untreated guinea-pigs, sivelestat (100 μmol/l) significantly inhibited substance P-induced contractions. The inhibitory action was markedly attenuated by pretreatment with L-NAME (100 μmol/l) or indomethacin (2 μmol/l), and was almost undetected following removal of the epithelium. On the other hand, in bronchial ring preparations isolated from LPS-untreated guinea-pigs, sivelestat had only a very slight effect on substance P-induced contraction of the epithelium-intact preparation, whereas sivelestat greatly inhibited contraction in epithelium-removed bronchial ring preparations. In LPS-treated guinea-pigs, whether the epithelium was intact or not, sivelestat significantly inhibited the substance P-induced contraction of bronchial ring preparations. Pretreatment with L-NAME (100 μmol/l) or indomethacin (2 μmol/l) did not affect the inhibitory effect of sivelestat in bronchial ring preparations. In conclusion, epithelium removal or LPS treatment induced hyperreactivity to substance P in the guinea-pig airway. Sivelestat caused epithelium-, nitric oxide- and prostaglandin-dependent inhibition of the substance P-induced contraction of isolated guinea-pig tracheal ring preparations. In contrast, the inhibitory effect of sivelestat on substance P-induced contraction of guinea-pig bronchial ring preparations is mediated by epithelium-, nitric oxide- and prostaglandin-independent mechanisms. Sivelestat may be effective in reducing the airway hyperresponsiveness to tachykinins induced by epithelial injury as occurs in LPS-mediated inflammatory lung diseases.

Information related to the author
Previous article Next article
feedback
Top