2019 年 35 巻 1 号 p. 1-16
Kyuzo Takenoshita (1909-1988) played a great role as a secretary of the Japanese Ministry of Education in the reform of school physical education after the Asia-Pacific War. The earlier studies have pointed out that Takenoshita coped with the reform of physical education by copying the physical education theory of the U.S.A.
However these opinions without examining Takenoshita’s thinking about PE in the prewar period are questionable. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to clarify his view of PE in these days and to find the starting point of his thoughts which became popular in the postwar period.
This study has made clear the following points.
1) Takenoshita could change his thinking about PE from “education of the physical” to “education through the physical” based on the educational theory by Sukeichi Shinohara (1876-1957).
2) Takenoshita had already thought that PE must connect with daily life even in the prewar period.
3) Takenoshita saw the value of sports as recreation even in the prewar period.
Consequently, it could be said that his thinking about PE in the postwar period was a reincarnation of his view from the prewar period rather than a copy of the American theory of PE.