2014 年 61 巻 3 号 p. 3_87-3_96
This article argues that design can improve alienated interpersonal relationships. An exploratory survey of the literature and products indicates that a number of ancient and modern works of drinking vessels can promote human interaction and co-use. However, these products have yet to receive attention or be classified. We define this as "Human Interaction Design" (HID). In this study, we used a multi-case study to conduct a systematic comparison and analysis of Taiwanese drinking vessels. This study indicates that the HID design pieces can be divided into the categories of "Passive" and "Active" HID. Moreover, active HID pieces usually have the following features in common: 1. they have special forms; 2.they exhibit functional disruption; 3. they induce mindfulness; 4. they can be used by a number of people simultaneously; and 5. they require interaction to compensate for functional problems or achieve some kind of meaning. These features can be referenced in design. Active HID does not focus on artistic appearances, aesthetic values, and ease of use in life. However, it can actively promote behavioral patterns of interaction among people. An interesting characteristic of HID is that it can provide people with conversation topics, thereby improving the phenomenon of interpersonal alienation.