Bulletin of Japanese Society for the Science of Design
Online ISSN : 2186-5221
Print ISSN : 0910-8173
PROMOTING THE COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT AND NETWORK GOVERNANCE THROUGH CRAFT MOVEMENT
Taking Two Taiwan Ceramic Workshops as Case Studies
Shyh-Huei HwangChiu-Hsueh Liu
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Volume 63 (2016) Issue 1 Pages 1_11-1_20

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Abstract

It has been 20 years since Taiwan government started to boost the community empowerment movement in 1994, and the cases of communities empowered by crafts are numerous. However, it has to be further clarified how craftsmen involve, promote and establish cooperative networks. This research selected two ceramic workshops that combined ceramic art with regional agricultural characteristics as the research targets. They are Bai-He Ceramic Workshop, a ceramics studio connecting to the lotus industry, in Tainan and Chao's Kiln Home that cooperates with the wheat industry in Daya, Taichung. This paper aimed to analyze how the two research targets constructed networks connecting to local resources to promote regional revitalization. The study adopted participation observation and in-depth interview to collect information with field study, and the content of resource networks was analyzed with network maps. The study discovered that the promotion of community crafts generated five forces and brought five synthetic benefits for networks including (1) Forces for aesthetic design: the aesthetic quality of each node and the entire activity is improved through craft design, (2) Forces for network connection: craftsmen as the key middlemen to connect the network of regional resources, (3) Forces for activity integration: resource nodes are connected by annual festivals to create cooperation opportunities, (4) Forces for educational contribution: each resource node in the networks was willing to devote to aesthetic education, (5) Forces for social welfare: assisting disadvantaged people to improve social cares at each node and to create the core value of crafts network.

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© 2016 Japanese Society for the Science of Design
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