2014 年 35 巻 12 号 p. 680-685
Basic concept of recently-developed terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and linear and nonlinear terahertz responses of thin solid films have been reviewed. The ferroelectric soft mode driven to the anharmonic region was observed in SrTiO3 thin films using a few-cycle intense terahertz pulses. The metallic surface states of Bi ultrathin films were detected in terahertz transmittance measurements. The superconducting gaps in MgB2 and YBCO films were observed using broadband terahertz time-domain spectrometer. These results demonstrate the promising capability of terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for characterization of physical properties of thin films and the surface states.