【Objective】Although the annual number of deceased organ donations in Japan has been slightly increasing, the number per million citizens was much lower than in other countries. To find the attitude toward organ transplantation among hospital employees, a cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted.
【Design】A cross-sectional questionnaire survey of general hospital employee.
【Methods】The questionnaire form used was the public opinion poll conducted by the Cabinet Office in August 2012. Questionnaires were distributed to 532 employees at the Japan Baptist Hospital, and the results were summarized and compared with the report of a current opinion poll.
【Results】The number of respondents was 401 (75.3%). Eighty-percent were female, and 30% were age 30 to 39 years. Nine percent were physicians and 42% were nurses. Sixty-five percent of respondents had interest in organ transplantations, and 51% had talked about organ transplantations with their family members. Responses to questions regarding knowledge on the amended organ transplant law were as follows: 63.0% understood that a child under 15 years old could become an organ donor, and 62.8% understood that family members could give permission for donation when a brain-dead person had not shown his living will. These percentages were lower than those of a public opinion poll (70.2%, 66.9%). As compared to the poll results (12.6%), a higher number of respondents had signed their organ donor cards (25.9%).
【Conclusion】High interest in organ transplantations was observed through a questionnaire survey of general hospital employees. Continuing medical education on up-to-date knowledge of organ transplantations may be needed for medical professions