Tropical Agriculture and Development
Online ISSN : 1882-8469
Print ISSN : 1882-8450
ISSN-L : 1882-8450
Original Article
Effects of Excess NH4-N or NO3-N Fertilizer Applications on Leaf Injury, Vegetative Growth, and Leaf Mineral Contents in Passion Fruit
Tomohiro KONDOHirokazu HIGUCHI
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2012 Volume 56 Issue 3 Pages 88-94


Sufficient application of nitrogen (N) is necessary to increase passion fruit production, although excess N is believed to be toxic. However, the impact of toxicity by excess use of N fertilizer is unknown. Three different solutions containing 100 mM NH4-N, 100 mM NO3-N, or intermixed 50 mM NH4-N and 50 mM NO3-N (Mix-N) were applied for 4 weeks to passion fruit grown in sand to understand the toxicity of excess N. Visible damage, vegetative growth, and leaf mineral contents were examined. Severe necrosis and defoliation were observed in the NH4-N plants because of high accumulation of leaf NH4-N. The necrotic leaves contained 1.2-2.5 mg·g-1 dry wt NH4-N, whereas healthy leaves contained only 0.1-0.4 mg·g-1 dry wt. Passion fruit recovered quickly from this toxicity. Two weeks after fertilizer application was stopped, newly emerged leaves showed no symptom of necrosis or irregular accumulation of NH4-N. Chlorosis and defoliation observed in the NO3-N plants were attributed to a nutrient unbalance. No visible symptom appeared in the Mix-N plants even under equally high N concentrations of 100 mM.

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© 2012 Japanese Society for Tropical Agriculture
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