1997 Volume 59 Issue 10 Pages 863-868
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice were inoculated with Hantaan virus strain 76-118 (HTN) or Seoul virus strain SR-11 (SR) of hantaviruses. Susceptibility of SCID mice was compared with those of immunocompetent adult mice, newborn mice and nude mice. SCID mice inoculated with HTN or SR died 32 to 35 days after infection. Unlike newborn mice which also died of hantavirus infection, SCID mice survived longer than newborn mice and showed typical wasting symptoms rather than nervous symptoms. Immunohistochemical staining and virus isolation indicated that both HTN and SR inoculated SCID and SR inoculated nude mice showed systemic infection, but nude mice inoculated with SR survived for longer than 8 weeks after inoculation. Passive transfer of spleen cells from immunocompetent BALB/c mice conferred protection on SCID mice within 2 weeks of HTN infection. Immune mediated pathologic mechanism was examined by transferring the spleen cells to SCID mice inoculated with HTN virus 3 weeks before the cell transfer. The recipient SCID mice showed an increase of serum BUN level coinciding with the appearance of serum antibody to HTN virus, suggesting the immune mediated pathogenicity.