We investigated whether cationic liposomes are efficient at delivering the gene for diphtheria toxin A-chain (DT-A) under the control of the long terminal repeat (LTR) of bovine leukemia virus (BLV) (pLTR-DT) into BLV-infected cells and are also suitable for in vivo use. The transfection activity of the cationic liposomes composed of N-(α-trimethylammonioacetyl)-didodecyl-D-glutamate chloride (TMAG), dioleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) and dilauroyl phosphatidylcholine (DLPC) (1:2:2, molar ratio) (TMAG-liposome) and liposomes composed of phosphatidylserine (PS) (PS-liposome) was evaluated by the luciferase assay using a plasmid which contains the coding sequence of firefly luciferase under the control of the SRα promoter (pSRα/L-AΔ5). The TMAG-liposome gave highly efficient transfection in the presence of serum. On the other hand, PS-liposome showed inferior efficiency. When BLV-infected cells were co-transfected with a fixed amount of pSRα/L-AΔ5-entrapped TMAG-liposome and various amount of pLTR-DT-containing TMAG-liposome, the luciferase activity in the BLV-infected cells was inhibited by the addition of pLTR-DT-entrapped TMAG-liposome dose-dependently. The cationic TMAG-liposome containing pLTR-DT was successively added to BLV-infected cells in culture. The number of viable cells was markedly reduced by the cationic TMAG-liposome containing pLTR-DT. On the other hand, TMAG-liposome containing pSRα/L-AΔ5 showed no such effect. pLTR-DT entrapped by the cationic TMAG-liposome was not digested by the treatment with DNase I and with serum. These results suggest that the cationic liposomes, such as TMAG-liposome, may be efficient transfection reagent for the BLV-infected cells and can be utilized for DT-A gene delivery into the BLV-infected cells in vivo.
1997 by the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science