1998 年 60 巻 5 号 p. 555-561
Diarrhea, sudden death after short duration of diarrhea and sudden death without apparent signs were observed in a herd of breeder pigs. Five pigs that died suddenly with diarrhea (SDD pigs) and 6 pigs that died suddenly without signs (SD pigs) were examined. The average age of the pigs was about 28 days. Twelve pigs of age 10 to 14 days old showing diarrhea (D pigs) were also examined. Eleven of them recovered. Large numbers of Escherichia coli were detected in all organs of every SDD and SD pig and in feces of D pigs. All of the isolates were identified as enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus cDNA was also detected from the lung of every SD and SDD pig by the RT-PCR. High and low titers of antibodies to PRRS virus were found in 10-day-old and 1-month-old pigs, respectively. In an experiment, 3 ETEC were isolated from 9 healthy weaning pigs during the quiescent stage in the herd. These data showed that growth of the ETEC was not active in healthy weaning pigs; however, following infection with PRRS virus ETEC infection became systemic and caused peracute death in the weaning pigs. It suggested also that infection with PRRS virus in 10-day-old pigs were protected by the colostral antibodies, and fatal infection by ETEC did not occur as a result.