2-Bromopropane (2-BP) causes testicular toxicity in humans and rats. However, the germ cell degeneration of testicular toxicity by 2-BP has not been understood. 2-BP at doses of 135, 405, and 1,355 mg/kg/day was daily injected subcutaneously into Sprague-Dawley rats for 28 days. At the dose of 1,355 mg/kg/day, 2-BP significantly decreased the weights of body and testes, eipididymis, seminal vesicle, and prostate, as well as daily sperm production. Atrophy of seminiferous tubules accompanied with degeneration of germ cells such as spermatogonia, spermatocytes, and elongated spermatids was observed in the testes of rats exposed to the 405 mg/kg/day and 1,355 mg/kg/day of 2-BP. TUNEL-positive germ cells were appeared in the 405 and 1,355 mg/kg/day of 2-BP-treated groups. In addition, ultrastructure alterations of apoptotic germ cells were observed by the electron microscopy study. Dead elongated spermatids were observed at 1,355 mg/kg/day after 28 days exposure. These results suggest that 2-BP impair spermatogenesis may result from apoptotic germ cell death.
2001 by the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science