2004 年 66 巻 12 号 p. 1543-1547
Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) is a nonpenetrating extracellular cryoprotectant. In contrast to glycerol, it does not require labor-intensive removal from thawed red blood cells (RBCs) prior to transfusion. In this study, we compared glycerol and HES, and assessed HES as a substitute for glycerol in cryopreserved canine RBCs. The RBCs were preserved for 2 months in liquid nitrogen using a 20% (w/v) glycerol solution, and variable concentrations of HES solution. We evaluated the two cryoprotectants by the percentage of post-thaw hemolysis from the total free hemoglobin, saline stability, osmotic fragility, and by observing the erythrocyte morphology using a scanning electron microscope after thawing. The optimal concentration of HES was 12.5% (w/v) for the cryopreservation of canine RBCs. The thaw hemolysis, saline stability, and osmotic fragility index were 25.6 ± 4.7%, 87.8 ± 6.9%, and 0.445 ± 0.024% NaCl respectively. These parameters resemble the results of RBCs frozen in a 20% (w/v) glycerol solution, which are 24.7 ± 5.2%, 99.2 ± 0.1%, and 0.485 ± 0.023% NaCl respectively. From a morphological point of view, 12.5% (w/v) HES showed the best cryoprotection of RBCs compared to the other concentrations of HES. These results suggest that HES could be a possible substitute for glycerol for the cryopreservation of canine RBCs.