Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
NOTE
Prevalence of Canine Distemper Virus, Feline Immunodeficiency Virus and Feline Leukemia Virus in Captive African Lions (Panthera leo) in Japan
Yasuyuki ENDOMasashi UEMARyuichi MIURAKyoko TSUKIYAMA-KOHARAHajime TSUJIMOTOKumiko YONEDAChieko KAI
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Keywords: CDV, Lion, Retroviruses
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Volume 66 (2004) Issue 12 Pages 1587-1589

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Abstract

Sero-prevalences of canine distemper virus (CDV), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLV) were evaluated in 20 captive lions in two Japanese zoos. Anti-CDV antibody was detected in 13 of 20 lions. We could pursue antibody responses against CDV in three lions back to 1996. Sera collected in 1996 were negative for anti-CDV antibody, therefore, all of them showed sero-conversion in 2000. This result suggested that the epidemic of CDV infection in this zoo might have happened between 1996 and 2000. The lions were also examined for FIV and FeLV infections. We had no evidence for FeLV infection but eight lions were sero-positive for anti-FIV antibody.

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