We evaluated the relationship between depression score and acid-base status in 84 purebred and crossbred Japanese Black calves. The bicarbonate (p<0.001) and base excess concentrations (p<0.001) were significantly and negatively correlated with the depression scores of the calves. The proposed diagnostic cutoff point for a depression score that indicates severe metabolic acidosis (BE < -10 mM) is 6.5 based on analysis of the ROC curve. The sensitivity and specificity were 88.4% and 81.2%, respectively. The depression scoring system is a useful tool for evaluation of the acid-base status of purebred and crossbred Japanese Black calves. In addition, a depression score of 6.5 suggests severe metabolic acidosis and that intravenous infusion of sodium bicarbonate solution is necessary.
2007 by the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science