The effects of the calcineurin inhibitors cyclosporine A (CsA) and FK506 on the mRNA expressions of various cytokines were evaluated in dogs to determine whether the effects of CsA and FK506 in dogs were similar to those in humans. The mRNA expression levels of the cytokines IL-2, IL-4, IFN-γ and TNF-α were measured in PHA-stimulated canine PBMC using real-time RT-PCR after incubation with CsA or FK506 for 5 hr. Both reagents inhibited IL-2, IL-4 and IFN-γ mRNA expressions in a dose-dependent manner. However, CsA hardly inhibited the mRNA expression of TNF-α. These findings are important for assessing the indications of CsA treatment in dogs.
2007 by the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science