We compared the growth kinetics of neuropathogenic and nonneuropathogenic equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) strains in mouse cerebral cortex cells and investigated the relevance of the D/N amino acid change at position 752 of ORF30 in Japanese isolates. Neuropathogenic electropherotype P strains 01c1 and 89c25 exhibited similar growth kinetics to nonneuropathogenic P strain 90c16 in cultured neurons; however, the growth ability of type B strain 97c7 was lower than those of the other strains tested. The amino acid encoded at 752 of ORF30 in 01c1 was asparagic acid; asparagine was encoded in the other EHV-1 strains isolated from Japanese horses. The D/N752 difference in ORF30 may not be related to replication ability in neurons.
2008 by the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science