Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Online ISSN : 1347-7439
Print ISSN : 0916-7250
Internal Medicine
LC-MS/MS Analysis of Canine Lipoproteins Fractionated Using the Ultracentrifugation-Precipitation Method
Asuka SUTOMasahiro YAMASAKIYukari TAKASAKIYasuyuki FUJITARiichiro ABEHiroshi SHIMIZUHiroshi OHTAMitsuyoshi TAKIGUCHI
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2013 Volume 75 Issue 11 Pages 1471-1477

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Abstract

Due to the lack of a gold standard method in canine lipoprotein analysis, it is unclear whether canine high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) can be accurately evaluated by the lipoprotein analysis methods used for dogs. This study investigated whether the ultracentrifugation-precipitation (U-P) method was suitable as a gold standard method for analyzing canine lipoprotein. First, the U-P method was compared with a gel permeation high-performance liquid chromatography system (GP-HPLC). The concentrations of canine HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) determined by the U-P method correlated closely with those determined by GP-HPLC. However, the canine HDL-C concentration determined by the U-P method was lower than that determined by GP-HPLC, and the canine LDL-C concentration determined by the U-P method was higher than that determined by GP-HPLC. This study showed that some canine HDL could be precipitated with heparin manganese chloride solution. Second, the HDL and LDL fractions separated by the U-P method were analyzed by LC-MS/MS. The HDL fraction was found to contain only apolipoprotein A-I, which is an apolipoprotein of HDL, whereas the LDL fraction contained both apolipoprotein A-I and apolipoprotein B-100, which is an apolipoprotein of LDL. This data showed that a certain lipoprotein that includes apolipoprotein A-I might precipitate with canine LDL when using heparin manganese chloride solution. These results indicated that the U-P method is not currently a gold standard method for analyzing canine lipoproteins.

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