2017 年 79 巻 8 号 p. 1394-1397
Attenuated derivative rabies virus Ni-CE replicates in muscle cells less efficiently than does the parental pathogenic strain Nishigahara. To examine the mechanism underlying the less efficient replication of Ni-CE, we compared the activities of Ni-CE and Nishigahara phosphoproteins, viral interferon (IFN) antagonists, to suppress IFN-β promoter activity in muscle cells and we demonstrated a defect of Ni-CE phosphoprotein in this ability. Treatment with an IFN-β-neutralizing antibody improved the replication efficiency of Ni-CE in muscle cells, indicating that produced IFN inhibits Ni-CE replication. The results indicate the importance of IFN antagonism of rabies virus phosphoprotein for viral replication in muscle cells.