2019 年 81 巻 8 号 p. 1211-1218
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are proposed to be useful in cartilage regenerative medicine, however, canine MSCs have been reported to show poor chondrogenic capacity. Therefore, optimal conditions for chondrogenic differentiation should be determined by mimicking the developmental process. We have previously established novel and superior canine MSCs named bone marrow peri-adipocyte cells (BM-PACs) and the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of growth factors required for in vivo chondrogenesis using canine BM-PACs. Spheroids of BM-PACs were cultured in chondrogenic medium containing 10 ng/ml transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) with or without 100 ng/ml bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), 100 ng/ml growth differentiation factor-5 (GDF-5) or 100 ng/ml insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Chondrogenic differentiation was evaluated by the quantification of glycosaminoglycan and Safranin O staining for proteoglycan production. The expression of cartilage matrix or hypertrophic gene/protein was also evaluated by qPCR and immunohistochemistry. Spheroids in all groups were strongly stained with Safranin O. Although BMP-2 significantly increased glycosaminoglycan production, Safranin O-negative outer layer was formed and the mRNA expression of COL10 relating to cartilage hypertrophy was also significantly upregulated (P<0.05). GDF-5 promoted the production of glycosaminoglycan and type II collagen without increasing COL10 mRNA expression. The supplementation of IGF-1 did not significantly affect cartilaginous and hypertrophic differentiation. Our results indicate that GDF-5 is a useful growth factor for the generation of articular cartilage from canine MSCs.