Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Online ISSN : 1347-7439
Print ISSN : 0916-7250
ISSN-L : 0916-7250
Virology
Molecular analysis of bovine leukemia virus in early epidemic phase in Japan using archived formalin fixed paraffin embedded histopathological specimens
Kohei NISHIKAKUTatsuo NOGUCHISatoshi MURAKAMIYasushi TORIITomoko KOBAYASHI
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
Supplementary material

2022 Volume 84 Issue 3 Pages 350-357

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Abstract

Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is an important pathogen associated with enzootic bovine leukosis. In this study, we performed PCR and sequencing analysis to characterize BLVgp51 sequences from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) specimens made from 1974 to 2000 and successfully obtained BLV proviral genome sequences from 94% of the analyzed samples. Furthermore, from these samples, we reconstructed eight full-length and nearly full-length BLVgp51 sequences. These sequences were classified as BLV genotype 1, implying that genotype1 has already been circulating in Japan since the 1970s. In our results, the proviral DNA was detected in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s in the same manner, indicating that the detection of BLV proviral genome depends on storage conditions rather than storage period. The sequences obtained in this study provide direct insights into BLV sequences before 2000, which serves as a good calibrator for inferring ancient BLV diversity.

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https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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