Journal of the Vacuum Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1882-4749
Print ISSN : 1882-2398
ISSN-L : 1882-2398
W(110)上の Co/Ni 多重層における磁気異方性の理論的研究
小島 一希Wilson Agerico DIÑO鈴木 雅彦安江 常夫工藤 和恵阿久津 典子Ernst BAUER越川 孝範笠井 秀明
ジャーナル フリー

2013 年 56 巻 4 号 p. 139-141


  We investigated the magnetic property of Co/Ni multi-layers on W(110), using first principles calculation based on density functional theory. We found that one atomic monolayer of Ni (Ni 1ML) and two atomic monolayers of Ni (Ni 2ML) on W(110) exhibited no magnetic moment. These results occur because the minority spin states of Ni atoms are occupied by the electrons transferred from W atoms. These results also agree with the experimental results where the 1ML and 2ML of Ni layers exhibited no magnetic anisotropy. We calculated the magnetic anisotropy energy in each of the three directions, viz., the two surface in-plane directions and one surface out-of-plane direction, in Ni 1ML, Ni 2ML and Co 1ML/Ni 2ML on W(110). We found that the Co surface atoms of Co 1ML/Ni 2ML exhibit surface in-plane magnetic anisotropy. We also estimated the effect of magnetic dipole-dipole interaction on the magnetic anisotropy energy in a Co 1ML/Ni 2ML multi-layer on W(110). We found that the effect is not dominant.

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