2017 年 60 巻 11 号 p. 445-449
We investigated the band-splitting of GaAs thin film by invoking broken inversion symmetry within the bulk region and the lost of 2D symmetry on the surface due to strain in first-principles calculations using density functional theory with spin-orbit interaction. The system is modeled by unreconstructed GaAs(001)-(1×1) slab, and by its strained counterpart arising from As dimerization. For the unstrained system, we found that the valence bands split while the conduction bands remain degenerate. This degeneracy is attributed to the sole contribution of p-state of As atoms found on the surface to this band, where 2D symmetry is preserved. When strain is imposed on this surface, the symmetry is broken and the conduction bands are split. These findings identify the changes in the band structure due to broken symmetry, suggesting their incorporation in the conventional degenerate theoretical description of the GaAs thin films done to date.