Nihon Danchi Chikusan Gakkaihou
Online ISSN : 2185-1670
Print ISSN : 2185-081X
ISSN-L : 2185-081X
Original Articles (Full Papers)
Six types of Bovine Uterine Enlargement and Their Outcomes Monitored Using Mobile Ultrasonography
Chikako TANIKoichiro TOMOKAWAKoichiro HEMMIIkuo KOBAYASHIGo KITAHARAHiromu KATAMOTOMineto TANI
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2014 Volume 58 Issue 2 Pages 179-187

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Abstract

Bovine uterine enlargement can be attributed to single or multiple pregnancies in physiological cases, or pyometra, hydrometra, uterine tumors, myometritis or uterine perimetritis in pathological cases. However, clinical differential diagnosis has been complicated, thus proper diagnosis and treatment have been considerably difficult. Six types of uterine enlargement from 26 clinical cases were sequentially monitored using transrectal mobile ultrasonography and their outcomes, after appropriate treatments were investigated. They were 12 cases of pyometra, 4 cases of myometritis, 4 cases of hydrometra, 3 cases of perimetritis and 3 cases of uterine tumors. In the cases involving uterine tumors, all of 3 cases were lymphosarcoma on postmortem examinations. The prognosis of chronic myometritis was usually poor; however, prompt and proper diagnostic treatment based on ultrasonographic findings such as combination treatment with prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α), estradiol benzoate and povidone iodine infusion increased the possibility of pregnancy. This suggests that a mobile ultrasonography may be beneficial for conducting a differential diagnosis of uterine enlargement.

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© Graduate School of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Miyazaki 1 Sasebo-hokubu Livestock Clinic Center, North Branch of Nagasaki A.M.A.A. 2 Sumiyoshi Livestock Science Station, Field Science Center, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki 3 Laboratory of Theriogenology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki 4 Laboratory of Agricultural Animal Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki 5 Laboratory of Large Animal Theriogenology, School of Agriculture, Tokai University
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