山階鳥類研究所研究報告
Online ISSN : 1883-3659
Print ISSN : 0044-0183
On the cervical muscles of birds
Nagahisa Kuroda
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ジャーナル フリー

1962 年 3 巻 3 号 p. 189-211

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抄録

Cervical muscles in eleven Orders and nineteen species of birds were compared by semidiagramatical illustrations of the lateral view. The main series of cervical muscles studied was given the following nomenclature:
1. Dorsal muscles
1. Biventer muscle, M. biventer cervicalis
2. Dorsal long cervical muscle, M. longus colli posticus (M. spinalis)
a. Longitudinal part, pars longus b. Anterior part, pars anterior
c. Posterior part, pars posterior d. Inferior part, pars inferior
3. Dorsal profound cervical muscle, M. profundus colli posticus
4. Intercrestal muscle, M. intercristalis
II. Lateral muscles
1. Oblique cervical muscle, M. obliquus colli
2. Lateral cervical muscle, M. colli lateralis (M. intertransversalis)
III. Ventral muscles
1. Ventral long cervical muscle, M. longus colli anticus
a. Longitudinal part, pars longus b. Anterior part, pars anterior
c. Posterior part, pars posterior
The development of these muscles is extremely variable both adaptively and possibly taxonomically and in some groups is very specialized. These complexities of the avian cervical muscle system are the natural result of their variety of uses of the neck in food-getting and other activities. The myology of this interesting and important part of avian body, however, has been curiously neglected and is open to future detailed comparative studies.

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© Yamashina Institute for Ornitology
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