2015 年 First 巻 p. 145-191
The Act on the Partial Revision of National Referendum Act was enacted at the 186th ordinary session of the Diet, and was enforced on June 20, 2014. By this revision, the minimum age of voting in the referendum regarding constitutional amendment is prescribed at twenty for next four years, and the age will be at eighteen four years later. But the minimum age of voting in public elections, the age of majority in the Civil Code, and the age of application for Juvenile Act are remained at twenty, lowering promptly these ages to eighteen is recognized as an important problem at the point of view of legal uniformity. At the final stage of the 187th extraordinary session of the Diet, the Bill for the Act on the Partial Revision of the Public Offices Election Act (to lower the minimum age of voting) was submitted, but was scrapped due to dissolution of the House of Representatives. Additionally, the problems as to the regulation to organizational campaign by the public officials, expansion of the referendum subjects, methodology of political education and the others are also emerging in relation to NRA system. These remaining problems should be solved legislatively on the wide consensus of political parties, according to the initiative requirement of Article 96 of the Japanese Constitution. It is considered definitely that to solve legislative problems as to NRA on the wide consensus is politically important requirement to lead to the success to the initiative for the amendment to Japanese Constitution by the Diet in future.