2004 Volume 78 Issue 6 Pages 514-518
A 53-year-old male was admitted to our hospital complaining of high fever with chillness, cough and dyspnea after traveling to Arizona in the United States. The chest X-ray films taken on admission showed consolidation in the right middle lung field and bilateral nodular shadows. The laboratory data revealed an increase in white blood cell counts with eosinophilia, and a rise in erythrocyte sediment rate and serum C-reactive protein. The biopsied lung specimen by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery showed granulomatous inflammation consisting of eosinophils and giant cells. In addition, typical spherules filled with endopores were detected in the specimen. The diagnosis of primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis was made. After the treatment of a three months' regimen with itraconazole at the daily dosage of 200mg, the patient's symptoms, laboratory data and radiological findings markedly improved.