2005 年 2005 巻 18 号 p. 77-88
This paper explores the structure of sport culture using the concept of the “constructive outside” as proposed by Judith Butler. Issues of “sexual commodification” by female athletes, such as nude representations, have been on the rise since around 2000. Although most scholars explain this as resulting from a lack of funds for women's sport, explanation is based on the notion that a “woman” is a consistent entity. In addition, such perspective may ignore the power of sporting norms that implicitly universalize “masculinity” in sport. In this paper, I am concerned with the relation between the issues of the “sexual commodification” of female athletes and the function of the “constructive outside” that always surrounds sporting norms.