2001 年 25 巻 3 号 p. 415-418
The purpose of this study is to investigate the pathogenesis and treatment of shoulder pain in hemiplegia.60 shoulders in 60 patients were available and separated into three types on the bases of pain (no or slight, mild, severe). The duration of the hemiplegia, tenderness points, range of motion, manual muscle testing, sensory deficit, edema and the X-ray findings were statistically analyzed. The subacromial bursae of 31 shoulders in 60 patients were injected (A group: 9 shoulders, xylocaine and dexamethazone / B group: 22 shoulders, sodium hyaluronate). Then 4 shoulders were operated on using the one portal arthroscopy. The tenderness points of the C-A arch and around the C-A arch increased with the pain. The improvement rates of pain were 61.7% in A group and 59.1% in B group. A decrease in pain was noted in all of the patients who had been operated on with the one portal arthroscopy. Pain of the shoulder in hemiplegia may be attributable to the C-A arch. Attention to the C-A arch may be of importance.