77 巻 (2011) 775 号 p. 823-831
The purpose of this research is to elucidate the mechanism of aerodynamic force generation and control in flapping flight of a mosquito. In this paper, a tenfold enlarged realistic model of the flapping wing was used to simulate the motion of the mosquito's wing and flow pattern around it. Experiments were conducted using a very low speed wind tunnel to coincide the condition of Reynolds and Strouhal numbers with those of real mosquito. The flow field around the wing model was analyzed by a stereo-PIV system. The aerodynamic forces generated by the model wings were calculated by using a momentum conservation law applied to the flow field. In these experiments, two unsteady ring vortexes around model wings were observed. The magnitude and direction of the jet flow induced by the ring vortex were greatly influenced by the attack angle. It was found that the lift was generated during the down-stroke and the thrust during the up-stroke in the real mosquito's flight.