2007 年 73 巻 726 号 p. 594-600
In air-conditioning systems, it is desirable that the liquid-solid phase change temperature of a cool energy storage material is approximately 10°C from the perspective of improving coefficient of performance (COP). Moreover, a thermal storage material that forms slurry can realize large heat capacity of working fluids. Since the solid that adheres to the heat transfer surface forms a thermal resistance layer and remarkably reduces the rate of cold storage, it is important to avoid the adhesion of a thick solid layer on the surface so as to realize efficient energy storage. Considering a harvest type cooling unit, the force required for removing the solid phase from the heat transfer surface was studied. Tetra-n-butylammonium Bromide (TBAB) clathrate hydrate was used as a cold storage material. The effect of the scraper shapes on the scraping force for detachment of adhered solid of TBAB hydrate to the heat transfer surface was examined experimentally. The TBAB hydrate solids were categorized broadly into two kinds of solids. The scraping force of the TBAB hydrate solid on the heat transfer surface was different for the two kinds of the TABA hydrate solids. And the scraping force of the TBAB hydrate solid formed after scraping was improved by the modifying the scraper shape.