1995 年 61 巻 582 号 p. 641-646
This paper deals with the method of controlling an A/K prosthesis which allows disabled persons to ascend a staircase. Since conventional A/K prostheses are capable of only the function of walking on a level surface, disabled persons wearing conventional A/K prostheses have been compelled to walk on stairs with unnatural posture. The research study of developing powered A/K prostheses has the important themes of not only developing the mechanism of the prosthesis but also devising the controlling method. By measuring the axial forces acting on the socket ; which is the man-machine-interface, during walking, using the six axis force-moment sensor, the torque of a disabled side hip joint was calculated. We devised the control method using this torque as the control signal. Results of clinical walking experiments showed that a subject wearing the A/K prosthesis was able to walk with a joint angle pattern similar to that of unaffected persons. Furthermore, from the results of the inverse dynamics analysis, the subject was found to generate a similar torque pattern and power pattern at his disabled side hip joint. Thus the effectiveness of the controlling method proposed in this study was confirmed.