2017 年 106 巻 p. 15-28
The Reimon School is a group of Motoori-Norinaga’s disciples in Kyoto who allegedly dedicated themselves to rendering poems. But there was a member named Ueda-Momoki who made a unique study of Japanese classics. Although he was known for his geographical inquiry, Ueda was greatly interested in Kojiki and Nihon-shoki because of their close connection to Ise Shrine. He believed that most rituals at the shrine reflected ancient people’s awe and fear towards the uncontrollable power of evil which co-existed with good from the beginning of the world. In this way he sought after a new form of ethics constructed on the a priori presence of evil. The aim of this article is to reveal another aspect of the Reimon School by highlighting Ueda’s little-known career and then to point out the importance of his ethical and philosophical outlook on the potential for evil in human nature.