1983 年 1983 巻 73 号 p. 135-151,L16
The purpose of this paper is to shed a new light on the question of why it has been so difficult to solve the Palestine problem. The emphasis is put on the psychological framework within which the Arabs could have been able to accept the existence of Israel. My conclusion is that Israel was too new and strange for the Arabs to accept.
The period dealt with here was when the Arabs and the Jews were engaged in diplomacy to settle some disputes which made it difficult to enjoy peace in or around Palestine. The most serious points at dispute were those of the repatriation or resettlement of Palestinian refugees, and the territorial adjustment of the 1947 UN Partition version. The year 1949 began with the armistice negotiation between Egypt and Israel at Rhodes, under UN auspices. The other Arab countries took part in admistise negotiations successively. Independently, a general peace settlement was pursued in another UN commission: the Conciliation Commission for Palestine (CCP). CCP was in essence the instrument of American Palestine policy. America was one of the three member countries of CCP.
The armistice negotiations were almost completely successful. In contrast, by as early as the summer of 1949, CCP failed in attaining peace, or even bringing both parties to the same conference table.
This failure has been said to result from various causes. The greatest one, I think, is that none of the parties in the CCP had a perspective of what international political order was to be established in Palestine after the first military collision of the two stubbornly nationalistic peoples.
After the possibility of a comprehensive peace settlement disappeared, the only way to bring about peace was by a bilateral agreement between Jordan and Israel. This secret peace negotiation made steady progress in a few months, but the opposition both within and without Jordan blocked final agreement.
For any Arab nation, the Palestine problem was and continues to be by no means an external problem. The fate of Palestine bore upon the identity of the Arabs, who were eagerly striving to get rid of Western domination. The Arabs' refusal to accept Israel terminated in “an agreed indifference” to the Jews. On the first April 1950, the Arab League decided that any member state should be eliminated from the Arab community if it had any contact with Israel.
This decision still holds true even after about thirty years have passed since this decision was made. It is this as well as Israeli rejectionism that seems the biggest psychological barrier to the peace of Palestine.