1993 年 1993 巻 104 号 p. 168-182,L17
The conflict which broke out in May 1928 between the Japanese Army, which was dispatched to Tsinan in Shantung province of China, and the Nationalist Armies of China which went north to overthrow Chang Tsuo-lin's (_??__??__??_) military clique is called the “Tsinan Incident.” After this incident the Japanese Army issued severe requirement terms on Chiang Kai-shek, the general of the Nationalist Armies of China, and urged him to accept these terms without any conditions and to conclude a military agreement. The Nationalist Goverment was determined to pursue a policy that would make as Many concessions with Japan as possible, for fear that marching on Peking (to unity the country) might be left unfinished halfway. In order to find out a way for compromise, General Chiang Kai-shek dispatched his delegate to Tokyo and tried direct negotiation with Prime Minister Tanaka. At first Prime Minister Tanaka showed signs of a compromise, but as the Japanese Army, especially the commander of the sixth division of Japanese Army on the spot in Tsinan, had been strongly opposing the relaxation of the requirement terms, the negotiations surrounding the conditions of the compromise reached a complete deadlock. On the other hand, in China the people's critical opinions of the failure in the diplomacy with Japan became more and more clamorous and Chiang Kai-shek was put in a difficult situation. Chiang Kai-shek began to assume a negative attitude to the compromise with Japan and advised Huang Fu (_??__??_), the Minister of Foreign Affairs, who was a Japanophile to resign. It was Wang Cheng-ting (_??__??__??_) that took the place of Huang Fu and who was appointed as the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Wang pursued the policy of making Japan isolated by means of creating a better relationship with Britain and America, and he demonstrated to Chiang Kai-shek his advatageous judgement of the situation and explained to him that they should not make any concessions to Japan. Chiang Kai-shek, who judged that the terms required by the Japanese Army were still too strict, began to accept Wang's opinion and gave up the negotiation with the Japanese Army. On this account since June 1928 the negotiation concerning “Tsinan Incident” could not help left to the diplomacy authorities of the both countries.
This thesis clarifies the expectations of both China and Japan in dealing with this case, especially the process by which the Nationalist Government led mainly by Chiang Kai-shek concluded the policies by referring chiefly to the books and resources published recently in Chinese.