2000 年 2000 巻 123 号 p. 127-142,L15
The fourth Lomé Convention is to expire in February 2000. To build a new relation between EU and ACP (African, Caribbean and Pacific) countries, the European Commission is busy preparing for designing the Post-Lomé Regime. When Lomé I was signed in 1975, it was called the “Symbol of International Cooperation, ” or “Model of North-South Dialogue”. But since 1975, international circumstances have changed fundamentally, that is the end of the Cold War and the drive of Globalisation, and both the deepening and widening of European integration has progressed very much. In addition, the bargaining power and unity of “The Third World” has declined or disappeared. In these situations, it is said that the Lomé Convention is out of date, so it should be reformed or replaced according to the new situations.
There have been many discussions about Lomé. When Lomé I was signed, some critisized it ideologically as “Neo-colonialism” or “Neo-Capitalism”, while others appreciated its progressive devices for meeting NIEO doctrines, in recent years there has been a consensus that Lomé is a framework of EU-ACP relations. But there is another consensus that Lomé must be reformed, because it is said, the “Partnership” principle has been eroded by Conditionalities, “Democracy, rule of law, human rights, good governance”, or paternalism replaced partnership, or Lomé's role is only “richesse oblige”, or keeping the fundamental structure of Lomé intact seems the wisest available course because there appeared to be no alternative. My fundamental standpoint of view is that the European Union's policies toward developing countries, especially Sub-Saharan Africa, are essentially built in the EU's ultimate destination, “European Construction”, or Political Integration, which European decision-makers have stressed in various occasions. So, if Lomé is obsolete, Euro-African relations shall be reconstructed in a new fashion.
The EU's preparation for designing its post-Lomé regime started in September 1998. The European Commission has released two Communications which are to be discussed. These are the “Green Paper” and the “Guideline”. The Guideline shows that global agreement or framework agreement are to be negotiated to 2000, and after that regional agreement will be negotiated from 2000 to 2003. In former negotiations idealistic principles, such as partnership, would be discussed. Though it is said that Africa is marginalized, Europe won't abandon the continent with unmeasured potentialities. Lomé will be reformed into plural, i. e., bilateral, multilateral, regional and sub-regional agreements, within the framework or overall agreement, which will lead Europe to further integration.