2000 年 2000 巻 123 号 p. 175-194,L19
The conflict that occurred between Costa Rica and Nicaragua in 1955 was resolved through the O. A. S. The process of resolution of this conflict seemed to be the same as that of the conflict between these two republics in 1948. But the international environment surrounding these two conflicts differed very much. Why on the surface did they seem to be the same?
There was a struggle between democracy and dictatorship in Central American and the Caribbean Basin area at that time. It was very difficult for the Eisenhower Administration to formulate and govern its' policies. Especially after the Guatemalan Crisis in 1954 when the intervention of the United States was very well known. In 1955, the Department of State under Secretary of State John Foster Dulles had to take sides with and support the legitimate “liberal and democratic” government of Costs Rica in consideration of the world-wide reaction.
The conflict in 1955 showed the complicated structure of the international environment. In such an environment even the officials of superpowers including Secretary Dulles never have “free hands”. No one can dance alone in the world arena.