2019 年 16 巻 p. 56-62
The role of Kominkan （community learning centres） in Japan is being questioned because of the recent decrease in the number of users. However, international interest in these centres, from a community education perspective, is growing. In this paper, the development of British community education was examined, with special reference to the history of adult and community learning in London. The following results were revealed:
First, London educational authorities brought about revolutionary changes, which tended to be conservative, in school and adult education. The evening schools run under these authorities produced new learners who lacked formal education experience and were not being accommodated by existing educational providers.
Second, the integration of the everyday lives and the learning needs of adults and youth was an important practical problem faced by most evening schools. There were schools that maintained basic adult education programs that targeted those who could not read and write and those that promoted informal learning for local cultural development.
London educational authorities enacted bold and careful reforms, bringing the special qualities of community education to practical adult education. The history of adult and community learning in London can serve as a source of significant importance for those doing research on the future of Japan's kominkan.