日本公民館学会年報
Online ISSN : 2433-7404
Print ISSN : 1880-439X
〈論文〉
公民館主事の成立基盤とその専門的任採用の条件
—公民館の原点における「職員」の位置づけと公民館条例の職員条項—
上田 幸夫
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ジャーナル フリー

2021 年 18 巻 p. 43-53

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The purpose of this study is to offer an analysis of the historical institutional factors that were involved in the positioning of Kominkan directors and of the professional specialization that was one of the conditions for the ordinance that established the Kominkan.

A look at the history of Kominkan directors, who play key roles in Kominkan projects, shows that often they were not appointed, or if they were they served in another concurrent post, in an irregular or part-time capacity or as a part-time non-regular employee, and that this has continued unabated since the birth of the Kominkan

The discrepancy between the original proposal to form the Kominkan by Ministry of Education official, Sakuo Teranaka, and the circulars issued by the Ministry are a major reason for this problem. Teranaka placed his emphasis on staff, whereas it cannot be said that the Ministry circular set forth a clear, full-time staffing plan.

There were many local governmental bodies that did not clearly specify the term “Kominkan Director" in their ordinances, but simply referred to them as "directors," even though they hire their own staff. It was an extremely rare case where the term was clearly specified.

In other words, the job title provisions in Kominkan ordinances cannot be used as a guarantee of the appointment of a professional director.

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