2021 Volume 38 Pages 94-109
Circulating fluidized beds (CFB)s are important technical equipment to treat gas–solid systems for fluid catalytic cracking, combustion, gasification, and high-temperature heat receiving because their mass and heat transfer rates are large. Cyclones are important devices to control the performance of CFBs and ensure their stable operation; heat-carrying and/or solid catalyst particles being circulated in a CFB should be efficiently separated from gas at a reduced pressure loss during separation. In commercial CFBs, a large amount of solids (> 1 kg-solid (m3-gas)−1 or > 1 kg-solid (kg-gas)−1) is circulated and should be treated. Thus, gas–solid cyclones with a high solids loading should be developed. A large number of reports have been published on gas–solid separators, including cyclones. In addition, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technology has rapidly developed in the past decade. Based on these observations, in this review, we summarize the recent progress in experimental and CFD studies on gas–solid cyclones. The modified pressure drop model, scale-up methodology, and criteria for a single large cyclone vs. multiple cyclones are explained. Future research perspectives are also discussed.