2009 Volume 76 Issue 1 Pages 13-22
This paper has two purposes. One is to define the concept, the thesis, and the view of "National Education" of the National Rally for Educators (Zenkoku Kyouikusha Daisyuukai) in May of 1890. The other is to show that the framework of "National Education" in this rally means the criticism for the Organization of Municipalities (1888). Until May of 1890, the content of "National Education" was unclear, because the Second Elementary School Order (1890) and the Imperial Rescript on Education (Kyouiku Chokugo) had not yet been promulgated. The members of the "National Rally for Educators" discussed the educational expenses and encouragement of school attendance. However, the various views of "National Education" were simplified to "nationalism or individualism". In this situation, the Society for National Education (Kokka Kyouiku Sha) said, "we must educate and promulgate the spirit of loyalty and patriotism (chuukun aikoku)". For this society, "National Education" was restricted to the duty for the nation. Therefore, it is important to research the connection which emerged from these arguments about the relationship between the nation-state and national education at that time. This paper will also shed light on current education, and how the relationship between education and the nation-state is strictly examined.