This paper analyzes general areas of education in the Japanese college education system that have been unsuccessful in the post-war period, and also includes a close examination of the concept of cultural education. The notion of cultural education appeared in Europe during the 12th century when people became more individualistic. Universities were the places in which cultural education was cultivated. The original object of the pursuit of culture in that period was to find out more about ways of life. Therefore, it was not only a subject for individuals, but also for groups such as peasants, fishermen, and labourers, Before individuals appeared, such groups had found ways to live through actions and behavior, while letters and books had been hardly used or referred to. After the emergence of the individual, however, the culture was pursued mostly through literature. Since then, the concept has been regarded as inseparable from 1i1.erature. In order to enrich the cultural education in Japan, it is necessary to pay attention to factors which are not described in language. We also need to establish an education system in universities that is open to the public regardless of age.