THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
Online ISSN : 2187-5278
Print ISSN : 0387-3161
ISSN-L : 0387-3161
An Empirical Study on the Social Classes of Parents Who Choose the Elementary Schools Attached to National University or Private Elementary Schools : From the Points of View of Economic, Demographic and Cultural Backgrounds(<Special Issue>Society with a Decreasing Birthrate and Children, School, Families)
Makoto KOBARI
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2004 Volume 71 Issue 4 Pages 422-434

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Abstract

This research based on a questionnaire survey of 604 mothers discusses different social classes of parents who choose the national or private elementary school for their children in the metropolitan area. According to the results of this survey, the following trends appear to be evident. Parents who choose private schools are likely to hold highly respected occupations with higher incomes. They are about five years older than the regular parents of the kindergarteners. Those fathers who meet the requirements for the elementary school entrance examination are from the age group of around 35 years old or older and are in the administrative position in their companies. On the other hand, mothers that have made the choice of not having more than one child was because they are already too old to give birth. Moreover, many of those mothers with much cultural capital, helped their children's successful performance at the entrance examination. This, in fact, contributes to the cultural reproduction of social classes. As a result of these factors, the parents succeed increating a luxurious educational environment where they invest economic capital and cultural capital in "only one child".

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