THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
Online ISSN : 2187-5278
Print ISSN : 0387-3161
ISSN-L : 0387-3161
The Problem of the Measures of Declining Fertility and Childcare Supports in Japan(<Special Issue>Society with a Decreasing Birthrate and Children, School, Families)
Yuichi MURAYAMA
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2004 Volume 71 Issue 4 Pages 435-447

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine this problem and the current Japanese governmental provision for the declining fertility. The primary factor (question) in the declining Japanese fertility comes from the established view of the difficulty of social situation and childcare in our view of living. At the base of these factors, there is Japanese governmental policy whose keynote is home supremacy and the sex role specialization theory. Today, the principal subject is not the declining fertility, but the solution of the widespread view of the difficulties of childcare in social environments. In this sense, what is important is how to promote child-rearing support. I think the present-day problem is how to advance the spcialization of child rearing from the view point of the unified security for the right of childrearing and the right to recieve achild care. In this viewpoint, I state the necessity to grasp childcare support systems as the general social support systems which are approximately composed of the 5 domains. Therefore, I will propose following 5 principal domains. -To secure the living support for all family and parents who have babies and infants. -To guarantee home environment, such as the protection of the mother when giving birth and raising the child safely and securely while maintaining work as well as having leisure time to wrestle with childcare safety support. -To guarantee to have a pleasant time with the child, to be concrete, a time for keeping house with family cooperation and having a relationship with the parents and the day nursery or kindergarten where the child attends. -To support the maintenance and the expansion of family environments to secure the child's development and life. -To support the maintenance and the expansion of diverse facilities and equipments as a day nursery, a kindergarten, playground and a local environment. I emphasize that all of these subjects are very important and each of them are mandatory. Besides, I will focus on how the childcare support system should be conducted in a Day nursery or a Kindergarten, as stated in the 5 domains. I also investigate the attitude of the nursery teacher, the gap between parents and nursery teacher and how a parental view of difficulty to care for the child can be overcome to promote Childcare Supports. And I investigate the attitude of nursery teacher, the gap between parents and nursery teacher and how a parental view of difficulty to care of child can be overcome to promote Childcare Supports. Finally I will consider the left rooms to be discussed further.

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